Triazolam Dentistry - What You Should Know
As a dental professional, the last thing you want is people jumping up and down the dentist chair.
To help patients feel calmer as well as to help during painful procedures, some dentists use Triazolam.
What is Oral Triazolam?
Triazolam depresses the central nervous system (CNS) and as a depressant forms part of the benzodiazepine class. It is administered orally and has been sold since 1982 in the US, although patented in 1970 already.
This is a drug with a fast onset, so you’ll feel the effects quickly. However, it has a very short half-life so the effect won’t last extremely long. When used to put you to sleep it lasts one to two hours. Afterward,s you may not even feel drowsy. It will be excreted really after the body metabolized it.
Triazolam does not a maintain sleep but it’s useful as:
- Muscle relaxant
When is Triazolam Used?
The fast onset and short period of efficacy make it a dynamic tool in medical procedures. Use it where you need the patient to relax, not react or be asleep for a short period such as MRI scans.
In this scenario, you want to help the patient feel less anxious which the depressive effects of Triazolam will help with.
It’s also used to treat certain conditions including:
- Insomnia: The patient can at least sleep soundly for short periods of time.
- Jet lag: To assist in attaining a healthy sleep cycle again.
- Circadian rhythm sleep disorders.
In addition, there’s scope to use this in dental procedures. However, because of the short timeline, it’s advisable to only use it for non-surgical procedures.
It’s a schedule IV drug and the common dosage is either 0.125mg or 0.25mg which can’t be administered intravenously.
It’s given to the patient 30-60 minutes before a procedure and when timed correctly can give a dentist a 60-90 minute window to work in. The patient will then have 60 minutes of recovery while the drug is worked out of the body.
The patient will have very little recollection of the procedure afterward, called anterograde amnesia.
Are There Other Options?
This isn’t the only depressant of its kind. You can also use Zaleplon which falls into the pyrazolopyrimidine class. The half-life of this substance is only one hour.
Is Zaleplon Better?
It is not about whether one is better than the other. Rather, the question is what the drug will be used for.
Triazolam is better than Zaleplon in terms of dental procedures because the effects last longer. You don’t want a patient returning to full normal functioning while you’re still busy working.
However, for short appointments with no chance of complications, Zaleplon is appropriate.
No matter which product is used, the patient may not be as alert as usual afterward and therefore it may not be safe to drive for at least a few hours.
Thanks to these modern products patients can now be calmer in the dentist’s chair. This means less stress for them and the dentist can focus to get the work done as quickly as possible. If used correctly this is a win for all involved.
Author: Peter Mayhew
Peter is a dental hygienist in the city of Chicago, IL. In his free time he likes to write blogs and product reviews on anything dental health related.